How To Write An Effective Chemistry Research Paper?
Scientific research relies equally on the expertise to appropriately share concepts with the target group and the development of innovative and novel concepts. The main objective of a chemistry research article is not just to merely share the research that has been performed to elucidate a particular scientific process. Rather, a true narrator is what needed to express inner prose that led to final results. In simple words, a research study achieved for a chemistry class assesses and develops each and every step of the scientific approach.
A research article is the most crucial study that comprises the bulk of the main literature of the sector. The article acts as a tool that the writer is free to utilize to share authentic research carried out in the lab with the careful recording of findings.
A Good Research Paper Has A Hook
A shrewdly selected topic will assure your chemistry research article is highly interesting. For instance, if the study is about a problem that affects a lot of people or an emerging issue, it will certainly grab the attention of your reader.
Other parameters that can draw more readers comprise a human interest angle or a novel approach. With countless research articles in the sector of chemistry, an attractive title is important. It is ideal to make it short. Apart from that, the selected subject must be appealing to an extensive audience and always be capable of properly reproducing the project’s content, and must be simple, and effective. If the writer is demanded to present his/her article to a chemistry journal, it is crucial to avoid terms like synthesis, fabrication, application, or device as they indicate that the study is highly specialized. Furthermore, it is advised to keep away from descriptive words such as study, demonstration, or investigation as they tend to ruin the distinctive nature of the study. Similarly do not utilize adjectives such as facile, significant enhancement, green, or highly efficient unless you have a significant discovery that can completely back the claim.
Narrating a good tale indicates attracting your target audience to the study you have performed. Once they find it interesting, they will be curious to explore more.
An Overview Of Chemistry Research Paper
A typical research paper follows a fundamental framework. Each part is a building block in this overall framework and it is crucial to be known of the applications served by each part because your paper builds to its conclusion. Following this framework will aid you to start the drafting process and make your paper simpler to peruse. Typically, research articles in chemistry are categorized into five sections that aid the audience follow the chemical tale that the writer is attempting to reveal.
A standard framework of the research paper and basic needs for each part is given below:
Abstract Of A Chemistry Research Paper
The abstract is one of the most crucial components of your paper. Why?
Initially, because of the indexing and abstracting like PubMed, Scifinder, Web of Science, more individuals are going to read your abstract rather than going through your paper. If you could make it lucid why your paper is crucial, it is more probable to be noticed and perused.
Next, offering a concise and short review of the whole article enables the audience to see the pertinence of their own study and journal editors a good first impression as to whether the article matches with the journal’s scope in question prior to them looking into complete information.
Introduction Of A Chemistry Research Paper
The introduction is the most vital section of a good chemistry research article. It paves the path for the rest of the article, helping create interest in the data, holding the audience’s thoughts. Prior to composing, learn how to make an introduction that won’t be rejected.
The aim of the introduction is to engross the audience to resume perusing to understand specific details. It is supposedly a scary beginning, however, once you try it a few times, you will see find it easy.
The introductory part is comparatively a little different than the brief abstract. It is employed to offer the audience an overview of chemistry research and, more importantly, the reason for its importance in the context. What are the serious issues addressed in the study? Why must your reader be interested?
As you notice, it is crucial to begin the chemistry research article with strong opening paragraphs that contains some interesting theme. The issue here is that as the writer begins, he/she doesn’t remember to maintain an interesting tone for the rest of the study as the introduction. Nonetheless, you have to add interesting content in both the final and introductory sections of the research article.
This part integrates the initial three steps of the scientific approach. Start by structuring a question and making a wider picture of the significance of the study that was performed. It must resume with a brief, carefully cited literature review of the study the has already been performed either by any other or the author. This additionally denotes the significance of the study in widening the discernment of the particular field. From this background study, the issue the article is resolving can be more clearly expressed.
At last, a hypothesis must be expressed denoting the aim of the research. To a certain extent, the hypothesis is the topic of the article. The rest of the article serves to present information that backs the hypothesis.
It is wise to initially make a rough copy of the data which you are planning to add in the report. After writing this, a proper introduction can be created easily. Collect the powerful contents from the study or reference articles.
In order to obtain a better understanding of what would be the ideal hook to appeal to your audience and keep them captivated from start till end, it is advised to be aware of the structure and purpose of the research article’s introduction.
In spite of the type of hook that you have added, your chemistry research article must be composed in formal language, that is no slang or jargon is ever permitted in the research community. Sometimes, the academic composition might have slang or jargon if they offer some great hooks. Do not alter the actual text of the hook even if it is written in informal language.
Methods/Experimental Of A Chemistry Research Paper
This part is mostly distinct from the story section of the article. It comprises the in-depth experimental protocols and raw data that backs the discussion & result section. Varying disciplines need varying kinds of analysis, however, the data must be added if applicable: X-ray crystallography, gel electrophoresis, mass spectrometry data, IR data, HPLC traces & conditions, NMR spectra & data.
Results & Discussion Of A Chemistry Research Paper
This part is generally the longest, which describes the research the writer has performed and the findings obtained. The important contents laid out in this part differs between chemical disciplines. It is crucial to bear in mind that this part is not just a technical description of the method. Rather, it is a narrative that follows the methods/experimental section, elucidating the progress of the study that ultimately results in the final outcomes.
Few questions are given below which are formulated to assist you to structure your analysis.
- What alternative studies can be performed to either disprove or prove this analysis?
- Are these findings coherent with previously described studies?
- What basic chemical principles are shown by the results?
- How were the challenges in the initial experimental approach overcome?
- Dod the study work out? What kind of elucidation can be provided for this failure or success?
Conclusion Of A Chemistry Research Paper
The conclusion is the final part of your chemistry research article. A concluding part offers your audience a feeling that the article is organized properly. You want your target audience to feel that you backed each claim you have made in the article. In a certain manner, this section is similar to the introduction part. You need to re-express the question addresses and brief the major points of proof.
In this part, the writer briefs the primary aim of the article and ascertain if the actual hypothesis was denied or confirmed. The significance of the study submitted must be re-emphasized. Lastly, upcoming work must be described. Although a good conclusion demands you to remain clear and succinct, it does not have to lack a compelling tale.
Emphasize any probable chances for upcoming studies if you have not already mentioned those previously in the discussion part of your article. Denoting the requirement for upcoming research in the discipline of chemistry convinces your audience that you an extensive knowledge of the research problems.
Check some of the chemistry research paper tips & strategies to go far beyond simply summarizing the main points of your project:
- Outline the important message in the form of a logical statement that you wish your readers to remember about your article.
- Re-express the major statistics or facts to highlight the significant point of your study.
- If the requirements of your research article motivate individuals to provide any personal reflection, don’t hesitate to give your concluding section with a pertinent tale derived from your personal experience.
- Offer an elucidation of the effects of your study to verify how necessary it is to look for modifications.
- Get back to the anecdote, the example, or quotation that you have mentioned in the introduction. Nonetheless, give further inference taken from your outcomes; exploit your results’ interpretation to reorganize in a new way.
- Cite a pertinent adept viewpoint already stated in your article to lend authority to the findings you have acquired.
- If your chemistry research article deals with a contemporary issue, it is vital to alert your target reader regarding the prospective after-effects of not attending to it.
How to Do Citations & Formatting?
It is ideal for taking the ACS (American Chemical Society) formation for citations in a chemistry research paper. Different journals and disciplines have various instructions for employing endnotes versus footnotes. Nonetheless, you have to always express the notes with superscripts. A major section of the references that the authors of the articles tend to cite is journal articles/communications. An example of the format for a journal paper is given below.
Notice the punctuation and the style of every section. The page numbers must be given with the en-dash in between the number rather than a hyphen.
1st author last, first initials; 2nd author last, first initials; etc. Journal Abbreviation year, volume, the number of the first page–the number of the last page.
Each & every chemical structure must be drawn using ChemDraw. All illustrations must be minimized to 80% of the actual size. It is vital that your illustrations are organized and near. All bond angles must be accurately 60° unless that is not feasible depending on the conformation. All arrows must be totally aligned with the structure’s center and must be distributed properly.
Punctuations & Symbols
Few prevalent punctuations and symbols that must be employed in good chemical writing are given below.
Conventions of Writing In Chemistry Research Paper
The emergence of modern chemistry happened during the 19th century, mainly in Germany. Hence, the majority of the significant historical progress in chemical science before the year 1950 was expressed in German. As style conventions are based on this history, chemistry is always composed in third person passive voice. Pronouns like us, we, I must never be employed while writing a chemistry research paper.
Additionally, it is crucial to be as concise as possible when describing chemical phenomena and processes. In order to get a clear analysis, flower style must be avoided. You can also omit tiring descriptions of techniques that are viewed as standard practice.
I. Starting a sentence
Avoid beginning a sentence with a numerical value or a symbol.
II. Pedagogical phrases
Avoid incorporating phrases that deal with the learning process rather than the science behind the study.
III. Illogical formulations
See that an altering pronoun or phrase ‘it’ in fact refers to the target subject.
IV. Personal pronouns
As scientific studies show facts that don’t rely on the observer, articles must stay clear of employing Ist and IInd person. Nonetheless, while referring to your own conclusions or findings, it is wise to employ the Ist or IInd person.
V. Active voice
Whenever possible, use passive voice instead of active voice for clarity.
Don’t personify equipment and compounds.
VII. Plural nouns
Utilization of verbs while describing the quantity of chemical reagent and terms like spectra & data are mostly confusing. An amount employed is a singular subject, even if the amount is in plural form.
VIII. Numerals, formulae & abbreviations
Describe abbreviations for ligands or chemical compounds at the first instance. Nonetheless, standard organic short forms can be employed. Employ chemical formulae for standard elements, however, not when the name is more precise or shorter.
If long compound terms are repeated several times, they can be numbered. The number must be appearing in parenthesis when employed as an adjective, define when first stated, underlined, or bold.
IX. Chemical names
Chemical names are capitalized only if they are trade names like Tylenol.
X. Terms & Expressions
Employ terms such as preparing solutions and synthesizing new compounds, stay clear of terms such as products were created. Avoid using “on/by/using/with” interchangeably, since they may be wrong in few instances.
The intransitive verb known as react is the most widely employed term in research articles. It must not have a passive voice & an object. A hypothesis can be used with the term tested, nonetheless, for lab research, the terms like obtained, calculated, determined, investigated, or measured are much better.
Important Points To Bear In Mind
The writer’s list is crucial. If your name is a common one, you might want to include a middle initial to aid differentiate yourself from others. It is requisite to ensure that all of the writers are mentioned. The referees and editor have to know who has contributed prior to the acceptance of the article. Modification in the authorship after authorization might not be allowed.
Most errors are detected in the references compared to other parts of the article. In few cases, a mistake in one article is copied in other articles as writers simply replicate the error into their reference list without properly checking it. Make sure that you cite all the papers you have used. Ensure your citations are pertinent. Mentioning a set of unwanted articles can be a hindrance to the referees and editor and won’t benefit you.
If you previously published many articles, try not to use excessive self-citations. Bear in mind to modify your references according to the guidelines of the journal and keep them consistent for the whole list.
While preparing pictures, make as simple as you can and employ a single font. If the journal already has a format, ensure to follow that for easy readability. Try to stay clear of unwanted shading effects, which will, in turn, make them more blurry. Look for color policy by the journal. Few journals charge for printing in color.
Maintain a simple and clear tone throughout the article. If your first language is not English, then use any available services to completely translate or edit the paper’s text.
V. Contemplate on SEO (Search Engine Optimization)
SEO is a way to enhance the quality and quantity of traffic to your article via organic search engine results. You have to think about it while you write an article. You can even serve an important function in optimizing the search engine’s results-aiding individuals to cite, read, and find your work.
Five Tips For An Effective Search Engine Discoverability
I. Make a search-engine-friendly title
- Add 1 to 2 keywords pertaining to the subject. Include your keywords in the initial 65 characters of your title.
- Always have a short title (50 to 100 characters)
- Avoid uncommon abbreviations, over-used buzzwords, and empty phrases.
II. Optimize your abstract
- Keep requisite keywords and findings in the initial two sentences of your abstract. Just the initial two sentences are generally shown in search results.
- You have to repeat the keyword 3 to 6 times. Never forget that the aim of the abstract is to succinctly state the major points of the research.
III. Be consistent
- Express writer’s initials and names in a consistent way throughout the article. Ensure to follow the same as previous publications.
IV. Use keywords throughout your article
- Incorporate keywords in your field (5 to 7), abstract (2 to 3), and title (1 to 2). Keywords can also phrases and not just a single word.
- Include keywords in your headings as well. Headings give the content and structure of the article to search engines.
- Determine particular keywords on the website of the journal. Bear in mind that keywords are crucial for indexing and abstracting services as well as SEO.
- Employ keywords that are consistent with your domain. If you are not sure, very the words employe in your domains’ major articles.
V. Build links
- Link to the article across your institutional sites, networking, and social media. Search engines will highlight and value your content if you link to your article more.
- Motivate colleagues to link to your article. The effect is more powerful if you get links from trusted sites/respected individuals. Never forget to do the same for them as well.
A Few Common Mistakes To Avoid In Chemistry Research Papers
i. Verb tense: Article must maintain consistent verb tense all around. Usually, past tense is preferred, however, sometimes present tense is suitable.
ii. Verb/subject agreement: Both the verb & the subject of a sentence must be either plural or singular. A subject that denotes a collection is a prevalent mistake.
iii. Verb usage: The utilization of ‘to be’ as the primary verb within a sentence is typically considered weak as no active verbs are needed. Sentences beginning with ‘there is’ must be avoided.
iv. Extraneous words: Prevalent modifiers like interestingly and surprisingly contribute much less to the text. Moreover, the adverb very must be avoided.
v. Qualifications: Qualitative words like poor, moderate, and excellent are descriptive. It is wise to replace them with more accurate quantitative descriptors.
vi. Colloquial expressions: Statements that may be entirely acceptable during verbal communication must be replaced with a more formal tone. In few cases, the sentence framework can be overused, therefore it is beneficial to have a set of active verbs to use while composing a formal article.
vii. Contractions: These are never considered as appropriate usage in formal composition.
viii. Imprecise sentence subjects: ‘This’ must not be employed as the sentence’s subject. Rather, mention what ‘this’ pertains to like this compound, this results, this reaction.
ix. Numbers: Numbers ≤ 12 are commonly written out.
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